The report differs from other scientific works according to certain peculiarities of writing that we will discuss. Urgent writing of papers – this is possible by the nature of the work, but you need to know how the paper is written and what the objectives are for writing.

Every student or student has to, and graduates are likely to have completed independent studies during their studies. The report is one such work. The report is an independent work aimed at revealing what the student or student has achieved, identified or investigated on the issues raised. The report can then be used to summarize empirical data. This is usually a brief outline of the research work, the content of a particular article or book, for a detailed examination of a specific theoretical issue. The essential distinctive feature of such a work is not to refer to your thoughts.

In the dictionary (Glossary of International Words,  Chief Encyclopedia Edition, 1985) it is stated that the report [lot. refero – I inform]: 1. Public message; 2. a written or publicly presented report outlining the content of the scientific work.

While writing a report, students or pupils’ abilities to collect and accumulate information on the chosen topic, analyze, systematize and summarize it are developed. When writing reports, students or students need to develop skills to identify scientific issues and make suggestions for their solutions. In this way, the mindset is educated, one can learn to summarize the individual facts and draw logical conclusions. Reports can be individual and group. A student or student, when writing a report, has to prove that he / she understands the essence of a particular subject, is able to choose a topic independently, to analyze the selected literature, to formulate conclusions, to present a prepared report.

Usually (but not necessarily) the text of the selected text is presented in the own words in the writing of the report, the aim is to familiarize with it and to summarize the information read. According to various literature sources, the report deals with a certain issue. The article is written using subject and scientific literature, various legal acts, statistical and other sources of information. It is advisable to use at least 10 literature sources to prepare the report.

The main purpose of writing a thesis is to briefly discuss and describe the essence of a particular subject, to present as much useful information as possible on the chosen topic, to read the report or to ask the referent person to understand what is conveyed and to give an adequately motivated opinion on the subject and problems of the topic.

The main steps in writing a report.

Reflect on and formulate the topic and title of the paper. Choose an interesting topic for you, and then you will not be bored to write your report. Get into the theme you chose.

  • Briefly outline the main goals and objectives of the paper.
  • Make an initial presentation plan.
  • Collect information on the selected topic: various notes, quotes.
  • Collect all of your collected material on a specific topic on a specific topic.
  • Make the final report plan.
  • Start writing a report from the main section.

Then go to the introductory part of the paper: reveal the relevance and relevance of the chosen topic, formulate the main goals and objectives.

Conclude your conclusions: present facts, summarize the key statements.

Main parts of the paper:

  • Title page (author’s name, surname, topic of the report, institution (educational institution), students – faculty, study program, course, group, study form, etc.).
  • The introductory / introductory part of the report (its volume is usually 0.5-1 page).
  • Descriptive / Tutorial (volume – 80% of work).
  • Conclusions and generalizations (volume usually 0.5 to 2 pages).
  • References.
  • The recommended volume of the paper is 10-15 pages (starting with the introduction and ending with conclusions).

Introduction to the report

The introductory part of the paper presents and substantiates the relevance of the chosen topic, formulates the main problems raised, describes the object of the work, the objective, the tasks, the research methods used. Efforts are being made to highlight existing issues, essential shared statements and ideas. The formalization of the relevance of the report must inspire the personal need of the author to investigate the chosen subject. The introductory part can also briefly describe the part of the work being prepared and the authors who will be used to write the work. In this part of the paper the opinion of the author of the paper on the topic discussed can also be expressed.

Purpose of the report

The aim of the report is to indicate the main direction of the research. The challenges raised show how the goal is achieved, that is, how the goal will be achieved. The goal and tasks are most often formulated with the verb community: to suggest, analyze, compare, summarize, identify, present, justify, investigate, present.

The descriptive part of the report

The descriptive part of the paper is usually written on a new sheet. The title of this section must correspond to the extended title of the topic of the paper. The descriptive part analyzes, summarizes what is used, systematizes the opinion or position of different scientists, as well as reviews the concept of different phenomena, processes and concepts on the chosen topic. References to quoted sources are required. Do not disclose data that is not the result of the author’s creation without citing sources, citing data or citations.

It is advisable that sentences be short, specific, clear, and that the writing style itself is scientific. The material is arranged consistently and systematically. If necessary, the descriptive part of the report may be divided into certain sections and sub-sections.

Conclusions of the report

The conclusions of the thesis summarize briefly and concisely what has been written in the lecture. The conclusions cannot contradict the statements of the report that were presented in the lecture, dealing with individual issues. Provide results for each task to achieve the goal. The summary can be provided in separate points. The conclusions should not be copied from the lecture part and written at the end of the work.

The source sources and bibliographic descriptions are available at the end.


Written requirements for papers:

  • The work must be written in the correct Lithuanian language, without repetitions, grammatical errors, on a standard (A4) sheet of paper. Thoughts are presented consistently, clearly and logically. The information provided must be accurate and the decisions and proposals should be reasoned. Abbreviations throughout the work must be the same.
  • Font size – 12. Recommended fonts: Arial, Courier New, Times New Roman, Garamond, Tahoma, Verdana. Usually written in Times New Roman.
  • Spacing between text lines – 1.5 – 2.
  • Each chapter begins with a new page.
  • The numbering of the report begins with the title page and ends with a list of references.
  • The list of literature may also include appendices – tables, graphs, or more. Tables and illustrations should not be more than text, they should be further explained.
  • Important! The report is written based on the thoughts of other authors, so it is by no means possible to present an alien’s thought as your own.

How to introduce the audience to the report?

  • Present the topic of the report to the audience.
  • Identify the main idea of the prepared text and list the most important statements. Every statement must be justified.
  • Cite the most important thoughts of the paper.
  • Comment on interesting facts. When you write a report, you will discover interesting things yourself.
  • Briefly and succinctly summarize the presentation material.

Listening to a presentation will not be boring if you read it and not just read it. Speaking of your work should speak loudly and clearly and convincingly.