Scientific / research work is a self-performed (done) and properly executed research by a student, demonstrating the student’s ability to apply the knowledge acquired during the studies, to choose the scientific literature necessary for the work and to use it (to understand, analyze, systematize and relate to each other, etc.) \ T , apply the relevant methods of research, independently solve the problems raised, obtain the relevant results, present their conclusions and summaries, recommendations, suggestions on the topic, and also show the ability to describe the research performed in a concise, correct language. Conducting a research work is an integral part of the process of training highly qualified specialists. It is the scientific research work that aims to develop the general competences and special competences of the person who writes them, not only to develop, but also to disseminate new ideas, to formulate clear ideas, to look at science both critically and innovatively. These works promote the search for scientific, practical solutions, the creation of new ideas, the interpretation of existing ideas. Creativity and innovativeness of learners, ability to identify problems, identify them, choose the method of analysis appropriate to the nature of the problem, select and accumulate theoretical and practical material. The necessary skills for writing independent scientific papers are formed. The level of knowledge, professional competence is expanding. In defense of their scientific approach, students demonstrate readiness for responsible independent work.
The research process is complex and truly heterogeneous. It can distinguish such stages of work as the planning of scientific research, the elaboration of the research problem and the formulation of the hypothesis, the selection of certain research procedures and methods, the stage of empirical research, the statistical and theoretical processing of the obtained material, the practical application of the obtained results, and so on.
Research work must be clearly structured and the titles of its parts usually depend on the nature of the work. The research nature usually consists of the following parts: title page, summary, introduction, section (chapters, sections, subsections and paragraphs).
In the research work, it has to be indicated what research methods were used, how the results of the work were obtained. The following structural elements of the research performed are also needed for scientific research: discussion of results, generalization, conclusions and suggestions, recommendations, list of literature, annexes (schemes, diagrams, research program, research material, etc.).
Summary and summary. Perevod.lt can translate and / or write summary, annotation or other summary.
Normally, the summary of the research paper should be written in Lithuanian and English according to the applicable methodological guidelines and / or usual practice, its volume is not more than 250 words, it is advisable to have at least 150 words; the summary should not contain any abbreviations of terms.
The introduction of the research work should indicate the relevance of the problem in question, the purpose of the work and the written tasks. The objective must be specific. The goal can be divided into tasks. In each specific research, it should be noted that it is important to distinguish and define the concept of research, which is the basic idea and the basic theoretical statements on which this study was based.
The literature review discusses what has been done in the subject under discussion in the world and in Lithuania, what problems have been solved, what needs to be solved in this field. The research work ends with conclusions and suggestions. The conclusions must be concrete, concise and reflect the aims and objectives of the work. There must be no shortcuts.
The purpose of writing research work is to form the scientific and cognitive interests of the writer, the fundamentals of scientific and creative thinking, and to gain experience in research in a particular field by participating in research; analysis of scientific methods; independent application of appropriate theoretical and empirical methods. There are two main methods of empirical research – observation and experiment. Monitoring is a method of collecting primary information that is manifested in a pre-planned and systematic perception and registration of facts and data that can be controlled and verified. Meanwhile, in the experiment, the possible answer to the question raised is quite often formulated in the hypothesis. There is a need for some knowledge to do some research. Typically, the main purpose of the research is to obtain new information about the processes or phenomena on which the research is based, to adjust, manage, predict or practice in a particular field. Research logic should be the guiding principle for writing research. Research work can be of a practical (applied), theoretical and historical-review nature. Practical (applied) works should describe the main theoretical aspects of the problem in question (recognized theories, research methodologies, discussed and problematic issues, reviewed the most important works on this topic in Lithuania and abroad), as well as based on the data of secondary and primary information using modern methods. methods, the current situation should be analyzed, based on the analysis carried out in the field concerned, proposals, recommendations, forecasts and projects should be presented. In theoretical works, the most important works performed in the world on the subject should be reviewed; this should be done on the basis of the most up-to-date literature, paying special attention to different theoretical concepts, problematic and debatable issues; overview of the current state in this field, evaluation of theoretical concepts and individual statements and reasoned opinion, based on the literature review and analysis, describes the methodologies, recommendations, theoretical statements, suggestions, etc. of the subject matter. application possibilities in practice. Historical-review-type scientific work should include the development of the problem in Lithuania, the reasons for the changes taking place and the changes taking place, the factors determining them, the conclusions and recommendations to be summarized, the perspective of the development of the phenomenon under review, the forecast should be presented.
Research work should reveal the relevance of the problem (topic) in question, its significance for business or science practice and theory. When writing scientific research, a sufficient amount of material should be collected and data allowing for a proper examination of the chosen topic should assess the current situation of the problem (s) and carry out the necessary work in this area. The topic chosen should be relevant, relevant to science and / or practice in the current period. In determining the relevance of the topic of scientific work, the scientific hypothesis is considered as the starting point, which is the result expected from the research. When choosing the area of research, the realization possibilities of the chosen topic should be taken into account, ie whether there is enough literature on the subject, whether it will be possible to obtain the necessary data, information, and use appropriate methods. Before formulating a topic, it is advisable to clearly define the boundaries of the research work. Beginning to write scientific research, literature analysis helps to get acquainted with the work done in a certain field of science, enables to learn about the latest works and their results, and to draw up a general plan of work preparation.